Determination of the safety and efficacy of therapeutic neutralization of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) using AZD9773, an anti-TNF-α immune Fab, in murine CLP sepsis

Determination of the safety and efficacy of therapeutic neutralization of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) using AZD9773, an anti-TNF-α immune Fab, in murine CLP sepsis

Peter Newham, Daniel Ross, Peter Ceuppens, Shampa Das, James W. T. Yates, Catherine Betts, Jaimini Reens, Kevin J. Randall, Richard Knight, Jennifer S. McKay 

Objective and design: TNF-α neutralization is associated with increased mortality in mouse cecal ligation puncture (CLP) models. AZD9773 is an ovine polyclonal human TNF-α immune Fab, with pharmacological properties that differ from previously studied anti-TNF-α agents. We explored the safety and efficacy of therapeutically administered AZD9773 in mouse CLP sepsis.

Methods: A moderate/severe-grade CLP model resulting in 20–30 % 5-day survival and a mild-grade CLP model resulting in ~70 % 5-day survival were established in human TNF-α transgene/murine TNF null (Tg1278/−/−) mice.

Treatment: Mice received saline resuscitation and imipenem administration every 12 h (0–72 h post-CLP). AZD9773 (or DigiFab control) was dosed 24, 36, 48 and 60 h post-CLP.

Results: Therapeutic dosing of AZD9773 in moderate/severe-grade CLP resulted in significantly increased survival (>70 %) compared with DigiFab (27 %, P < 0.05). Therapeutic dosing of AZD9773 in mild-grade CLP did not significantly affect survival outcome compared with DigiFab or imipenem alone (~60–70 % survival).

Conclusions: These data demonstrate that TNF-α neutralization can improve survival in moderate/severe CLP sepsis. TNF-α suppression in mild-grade models was not associated with survival benefit and did not increase 5-day mortality. These findings suggest that therapeutic benefit following TNF-α attenuation in models of sepsis may depend on model severity.